文章摘要
祝亚猛,张春波,孟庆银,王晓枫.应力性骨折的病理组织学观察及临床分析[J].山西医科大学学报,2009,40(1):81~83
应力性骨折的病理组织学观察及临床分析
Dept of Orthopeadics, Second Clinical Medical College,Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001,China; *Corresponding author,E mail:bpji@hotmail.com
  修订日期:1900-01-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 应力性骨折  组织学  骨肉瘤  骨小梁  核分裂  异形性
英文关键词: discoid meniscus injury  〓arthroscopy  〓discoid me niscus plasty
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作者单位
祝亚猛,张春波,孟庆银,王晓枫 武警北京总队医院病理科北京100027 
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中文摘要:
      目的〓 观察应力性骨折的病理组织学形态特点,探讨其诊断标准及临床防治措施。 〓方法〓 对17例患者的病理切片采用常规HE染色,并结合临床表现进行病理分析。 〓结果〓 临床17例病例均为18-21岁的年轻战士,有2周以上的训练史。病理组织学上表现为三种形态:骨母细胞增生型、纤维组织增生型、成骨为主型。 〓结论〓 应力性骨折组织结构复杂、形态多样,易误诊骨肉瘤,病理医生掌握两者病理组织学形态特征,并结合临床病史和X线、CT等检查可做出正确诊断。超强度训练可使肌肉强烈收缩致使骨折发生,其原因与战士训练操作不当有关,提示训练前做适应性活动,可能会减少本病的发生。
英文摘要:
      Objective〓 To explore the short term effectiveness of arthroscopic discoid meniscus plasty in adolescents. 〓Methods〓 Arthroscopic meniscus plasty were performed in 26 adolescent patients with the d iscoid cartilage of knee joint from January 2007 to June 2008.The surgical effec tiveness was evaluated with Ikeuchi knee function scales. 〓Results〓 All patients were followed up for 3-18 months.The surgical effectiveness was exc ellent in 16 cases,good in 8 cases,fair in 1 case,and poor in 1 case.The rate of excellent and good result was 92.3%. 〓Conclusion〓 In adolescents arthroscopic discoid meniscus plasty can achieve a good short te rm effect,and is a preferred method for discoid meniscus injury.
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